It’s Biblical! This week: Esau

The latest Jewish News

Read this week’s digital edition

Click Here

It’s Biblical! This week: Esau

Everything you ever wanted to know 
about your favourite Torah characters, 
and the ones you’ve never heard of...

Esau is a difficult Biblical character. He is clearly both an innocent and
a very violent person, hence the saying: “Eisav soneh et Yaacov” – “Esau hated Jacob”.

Well he might. Our ancestor Jacob tricked him twice, once into selling his birthright for a “mess of potage”, and the second time stealing his blessing from his father while he was out hunting.

Esau is the original man of action. He is described as being loved by his father Isaac, because he put game in his mouth.

His encounter with our father Jacob and the lentil stew contains five consecutive verbs – the most in any location in the Bible.

“He ate and drank and got up and left and despised his birthright” (Genesis
25, 34).

Despite his apparent simplicity, Esau is also loving and loyal. He wants his father’s blessing, and his cry when he realises his father had tricked him is terrible.

Our sages suggest this led to Jacob’s later troubles, never seeing his mother again after he left for Laban’s place in Syria.

However, Esau is not to be trusted. His behaviour prior to his reunion is suspect, and the armed men suggest malignancy.

Although he kissed Jacob, the Midrash suggests that he attempted to bite his younger brother, whose neck turned to marble and broke his teeth.

Later understandings in rabbinical texts link Esau (or Edom) with Rome, the type names having a similar lettering in Hebrew.

In addition, we Jews forcibly converted our Edomite cousins, and that could never lead to real trust.

Herod, the Romanising king of Judea, was an Idumean or Edomite, perhaps underlining Esau’s association with Rome.

Zvi Solomons is rabbi of the Jewish Community of Berkshire (JCoB) in Reading,

Help perform the greatest mitzvah: save a life

While life in Israel has returned to normal and hopes are high that Britain is set for a summer without restrictions thanks to vaccines, for billions around the world there is no such imminent light at the end of the tunnel. In the majority of countries around the globe, particularly the poorest, the vaccine rollout has barely kicked off.

That's why Jewish News, the leading source of news and opinion for the entire UK community, is throwing its full weight behind UNICEF’s VaccinAid campaign by using this platform usually reserved for encouraging donations towards our own journalism to instead urge our readers around the globe to perform the greatest mitzvah: saving a life.

We have never before done this for any charity fundraiser but it's hard to recall a campaign that affects so many people, and indeed an entire planet aching for a return to normality. Just like the Chief Rabbi and Rachel Riley, we hope to boost the mission to deliver two billion vaccines, 165 million treatments and 900 million test kits around the world by the end of this year.

Please donate as much as you can, in the spirit of the Talmudic sages: “to save one life is to save the world entire”

read more: