Bible Says What? ‘Israel was saved by lepers’

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Bible Says What? ‘Israel was saved by lepers’

Rabbi Mark Goldsmith takes a controversial topic from the Torah and reflects on a progressive response

As we live in a time where social distancing is essential for the preservation of our health, this year’s reading of the Torah and Haftorah portions, which speak about leprosy, are especially poignant.

In the Bible, this term covers a multitude of skin diseases, some of which were highly contagious. The way of dealing with all of them, at a time when medical knowledge was folk and not science based, was to isolate those suffering from them.

In the Torah portions Tazria-Metzora, ‘lepers’ are required to live in an area outside the main camp of the tribes. When their condition is known to be healed, they rejoin the camp in a ritual that shows all, by the action, proximity and contact of the Cohen, the priest, that there is nothing now to be afraid of.

Of course, not all of the skin diseases did heal and so it seems that lepers would continue to live outside of the cities and towns of the Israelites throughout their lives. They are often portrayed being at the gate of the city, presumably to make some kind of income from trading or begging.

A beautiful image of the prophet Elijah, whose mythical return heralds the Messianic age, has him staying at the gate of the superpower of the time, Rome, changing the bandages of the lepers who were there
(Talmud Sanhedrin 98a).

In the First Book of Kings, chapterseven, four lepers are heroes. They get fed up with sitting at the gate of the besieged Israelite city of Shomron and go over to the camp of the Arameans, who were besieging it, only to find it deserted.

They bring the news back and the city is free again. The Bible teaches us compassion and admiration for those marginalised in our society, for they may yet be our saviours.

 Mark Goldsmith is Senior Rabbi of Edgware and Hendon Reform Synagogue


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