Palestinian militants have launched dozens of rockets and Israel responded with air strikes after Egyptian efforts to mediate a lasting truce in the month-long Gaza war collapsed in a hail of fire a day earlier.
The fighting resumed yesterday when Gaza militants fired rockets at Israeli cities just hours before a temporary ceasefire was set to expire, prompting Israel to withdraw its delegation from Cairo and launch retaliatory air strikes.
Since then at least 10 Palestinians have been killed and 68 wounded, Gaza health ministry official Ashraf al-Kidra said.
The Israeli military said it carried out some 30 air strikes on Gaza targets, and that Palestinians had fired at least 70 rockets at Israel since the temporary truce collapsed.
About 2,000 reserve soldiers who had been sent home two weeks ago when fighting seemed to have simmered down were called up for duty again today, the military said.
The breakdown in talks and the resumption of violence marked a bitter ending to nearly a week of Egyptian-led diplomacy meant to end the heaviest fighting between Israel and Hamas since the Islamic militant group seized control of Gaza in 2007.
The violence left the Egyptian mediation efforts in tatters and raised the likelihood of a new round of heavy fighting in a war that has already claimed more than 2,000 lives, most of them Palestinians. Palestinian negotiators said the talks were finished.
Three people – two women and a two-year-old girl – were killed in an air strike on a house in Gaza City, Mr al-Kidra said.
In Cairo, Moussa Abu Marzouk, a senior Hamas leader, said the dead included the wife and a child of Mohammed Deif, the Islamic militant group’s elusive military chief, who has escaped numerous Israeli assassination attempts in the past. There was no immediate confirmation from Hamas leaders in Gaza.
Israel has not formally commented on the strike but local media quoted an “anonymous official” as saying it was meant to hit the military chief.
Twenty-one people were wounded in a separate air strike that hit a building that houses offices of Hamas’ Al-Aqsa TV station, Mr al-Kidra said.
Air raid sirens wailed in southern Israeli cities this morning warning of incoming rockets from Gaza.
There were no reports of injuries, though a piece of a rocket that was intercepted near Tel Aviv fell on a busy road last night.
Israel’s civil defence authority ordered the reopening of public bomb shelters within 50 miles (80km) of Gaza.
Egyptian security officials said Egypt was still pressing the two sides to agree on a ceasefire.
More than 2,000 Palestinians, most of them civilians, have been killed since the war began on July 8, according to Palestinian and UN officials, and tens of thousands of people have been left homeless.
Israel says the number of militants killed was much higher, and it blames Hamas for causing civilian casualties by staging attacks from residential areas. Sixty-four Israeli soldiers, two Israeli civilians and a guest worker from Thailand have also been killed.
Hamas is seeking an end to a seven-year Israeli-Egyptian blockade that has ravaged Gaza‘s economy, while Israel wants guarantees that the Islamic militant group will disarm.
In nearly a week of indirect talks, Egypt appears to have made little headway in resolving the differences. Late on Monday, it secured a 24-hour extension to a temporary truce to allow more time for a last-ditch attempt to reach a longer-term deal.
An Egyptian compromise proposal calls for easing the blockade, but not lifting it altogether or opening the territory’s air and seaports, as Hamas has demanded.
While the plan does not require Hamas to give up its weapons, it would give Western-backed President Mahmoud Abbas, whose forces were ousted by Hamas in 2007, a foothold back in Gaza running border crossings and overseeing internationally-backed reconstruction.
Mr Abbas’ involvement would minimise friction with Israel and allow large amounts of international aid to flow into Gaza for reconstruction.
The disagreements have focused around the lifting of the blockade, with Hamas pushing for far more dramatic concessions than Israel is willing to offer.
The Gaza blockade has greatly limited the movement of Palestinians in and out of the territory of 1.8 million people, restricted the flow of goods into Gaza and blocked virtually all exports.
Israel says the blockade is needed to prevent Hamas and other militant groups from getting weapons, but critics say the measures have amounted to collective punishment.
The latest round of Gaza fighting was precipitated by Israel’s arrest of hundreds of Hamas members in the West Bank in the aftermath of the abduction and killing of three Israeli teenagers in June.
Their deaths were followed by the slaying of a Palestinian youth in Jerusalem in what was a likely revenge attack.