Fans of Dieudonne M’Bala M’Bala performed his trademark quenelle salute outside a theatre in Nantes last night after the French comic was banned from performing at the eleventh hour.

As conflicting rulings by French authorities over Dieudonne M’Bala M’Bala’s act sowed widespread confusion, riot police carrying shields last night blocked access to the Zenith theatre. Thousands of stunned ticket-holders in the nearly sold-out show chanted and hissed following the cancellation.

And in shocking scenes outside the venue, some fans performed the quenelle, which is thought to have originated with Dieudonne and has been branded as an “inverted Nazi salute” by the country’s interior minister.

The 47-year-old has been convicted more than a half-dozen times for inciting racial hatred or anti-Semitism in shows in which the Holocaust has been derided. Dieudonne denies that his act and the “quenelle” are anti-Semitic.

The city of Nantes had banned the comic’s performance, but a Nantes court overturned that ban earlier yesterday. Interior minister Manuel Valls then took the matter to the ultimate authority, the Council of State, asking for an unusual urgent decision.

“In the face of the mechanics of hate … we need firmness and determination and great calm,” the interior minister said. Citing a risk to public safety, the council banned the performance only two hours before the show was to begin.

It brushed aside claims that Dieudonne would change his show to avoid offensive language, and said a “serious risk” of “grave attacks” to fundamental French values could not be dismissed.

Mr Valls declared that France had been made stronger by the decision to keep Dieudonne off the stage in Nantes.”(But) the combat against the nauseating words of this personage continues,” he said. “Citizens should not go to these shows.”

There was no immediate reaction from Dieudonne, who had arrived expecting to perform after winning the first court battle. However, his Facebook page advised fans to avoid confrontation and go home “singing the Marseillaise,” the French national anthem.

His fans and police eventually dispersed without serious incidents after the show was cancelled. Yesterday’s legal drama may be just the beginning of a longer battle.

The Nantes show was to kick off a national tour. At least eight of the nearly 30 French cities where the comic’s tour is planned through June are known to have banned his performances. Dieudonne has said he will fight them one by one.

Well-known Nazi hunter Serge Klarsfeld said it would be “intolerable” for the comedian to be allowed to stage last night’s show, given what already is happening in France.

“We have a country in which anti-Semitism is freely accepted,” he said.

Mr Valls is the most popular minister in France’s Socialist government, but his adamant stance against Dieudonne, while drawing praise from leading conservative rivals, has left some mystified. Fears have been expressed that any bans on the show could prove counter-productive or even illegal.

The comic was convicted last fall for using the word “Shoananas,” a mash-up of the Hebrew word for Holocaust and the French word for pineapple.

A song containing the word is seen as deriding Holocaust survivors and victims. Some fans hoping to see yesterday’s show carried pineapples.

Last week, an investigation was opened after Dieudonne allegedly made an anti-Semitic slur toward a Jewish journalist on a radio programme. “When I hear him (the journalist) talk, you see … I say to myself, gas chambers … a pity,” Dieudonne said during a performance last month.