Mark Zuckerberg and his wife, Priscilla Chan, were the most generous American philanthropists in 2013, figures show.
The Facebook chief and his wife made a donation of 18 million shares of Facebook stock valued at more than 970 million US dollars (£591 million) to a Silicon Valley non-profit organisation.
The donation was the largest charitable gift on the public record in 2013, according to the Chronicle of Philanthropy, putting the young couple at the top of the magazine’s list of 50 most generous Americans in 2013.
The top 50 contributors made donations last year totalling 7.7 billion dollars (£4.69 billion), plus pledges of 2.9 billion dollars (£1.76 billion).
The Chronicle‘s editor said the most significant fact from the list was the amount of money coming from living donors.
“It’s a sure sign that the economy is getting better and people are getting a lot less cautious,” said Stacy Palmer.
Some of the nation’s biggest givers do not appear on the 2013 list, not because they stopped being generous, but because their donations in 2013 were counted as pledges in previous years.
Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates and his wife, Melinda, gave their foundation slightly more than 181.3 million dollars (£110 million) last year, but they were paying off a pledge of about 3.3 billion dollars (£2 billion) they made in 2004. CNN founder Ted Turner and Berkshire Hathaway chairman Warren Buffett also made large gifts towards previous pledges.
It took gifts totalling at least 37.5 million dollars (£22.8 million) to make the list this year. Forty-two of the top 50 made gifts of 50 million dollars (£30.4 million) or more.
Thirty made big gifts to colleges and universities, but Ms Palmer noted most college gifts went to science and research this year, not to buildings, as in previous years.
Ten of the 50 made the list because of bequests after their deaths, including the second biggest giver in 2013, George Mitchell, a Texas man who made his fortune in energy and real estate.
At number three were Nike chairman Philip Knight and his wife, Penelope, of Portland, Oregon, who made a 500 million dollar (£305 million) challenge grant to Oregon Health & Science University Foundation for cancer research.
Number four was philanthropist and former New York mayor Michael Bloomberg, who made gifts totalling 452 million dollars (£275 million) in 2013 to arts, education, environment, public health and other causes.
Nineteen people or couples on the list have signed the Giving Pledge, started by Mr Gates and Mr Buffett in 2010. More than 120 of the world’s wealthiest individuals and families have pledged to give at least half their wealth to charity since the movement began.