US Secretary of State John Kerry said Israel and Jordan have agreed on steps aimed at reducing tensions at a holy site in Jerusalem that have fanned Israeli-Palestinian violence.
Jordan is custodian of the site known to Jews as the Temple Mount and to Muslims as the Noble Sanctuary.
Mr Kerry says the steps include round-the-clock video monitoring and Israel’s reaffirming of Jordan’s special and historic role as custodian.
He says Israel is pledging to maintain the rules of worship at the site, and that Israeli and Jordanian authorities will meet about bolstering security.
The hill-top compound is a frequent flashpoint and its fate is a central issue at the heart of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Mr Kerry made the announcement after meeting in Jordan’s capital with King Abdullah II and Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas.
Mr Kerry had meet with Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu in Berlin on Thursday.
“All the violence and the incitement to violence must stop. Leaders must lead,” Mr Kerry told reporters.
“I hope that based on these conversations we can finally put to rest some of the false assumptions, perceptions” about the holy site, he said.
“Those perceptions are stoking the tensions and fuelling the violence and it is important for us to end the provocative rhetoric and start to change the public narrative that comes out of those false perceptions.”
Outlining the series of understandings, Mr Kerry said:
- Israel “fully respects” Jordan’s “special role” as custodian of the site.
- Israel will continue to enforce its policy of religious worship, including “the fundamental fact” that it is Muslims who pray there and non-Muslims who visit.
- Israel has no intention of dividing the site and rejects any attempt to suggest otherwise.
- Israel welcomes increased coordination between Israeli authorities and Jordan to ensure that visitors and worshippers “demonstrate respect and restraint.”
Noting the video monitoring, Mr Kerry said it would provide “comprehensive visibility and transparency, and that could really be a game-changer in discouraging anybody from disturbing the sanctity of this holy site.”
On Friday, Israel lifted restrictions on Muslim worshippers after having barred younger Muslim men from entering the compound on Fridays, the main day of prayer in the Muslim religious week.
The bans had, at times, targeted men up to the age of 50 and fuelled Palestinian fears that Israel was trying to change long-standing understandings under which Jews are allowed to visit, but not pray, at the shrine.
Those fears have also been fuelled by a rise in visits to the shrine by Jewish activists demanding prayer rights, including senior members of Mr Netanyahu’s coalition government.
Israel has repeatedly denied Palestinian allegations that it is trying to change the status quo and accused Palestinian political and religious leaders of lying and inciting to violence.
In the meetings with the king, Mr Abbas and Jordanian foreign minister Nasser Judeh, and earlier with Mr Netanyahu, Mr Kerry explored ways to address the violence that began in mid-September initially at the shrine, but has spread to the rest of Jerusalem, as well as the West Bank and Gaza strip.
In the past five weeks, 10 Israelis have been killed in Palestinian attacks, mostly stabbings, while 49 Palestinians have been killed by Israeli fire, including 28 said byIsrael to be attackers and the rest in clashes.
On Saturday, Israeli forces shot a knife-wielding Palestinian dead after he ran toward a crossing between Israel and the West Bank and tried to stab security personnel, the Israeli military said.
Describing what he has heard in the talks with the leaders, Mr Kerry said that “all of them expressed their strong commitment to ending the violence and restoring the calm as soon as possible.”
He said the US “strongly condemns terrorist attacks against inocent civilians. There is absolutely no justification for these reprehensible attacks.”
He added: “It is important to stop the back and forth of language that gives anybody an excuse to somehow be misinterpreted or misguided into believing that violence is a viable option.