Assaf Peretz/Israel Antiquities Authority/Israel Sun September 2015 In the photo: Remains of the citadel and tower Solving One of Jerusalem’s Greatest Archaeological Questions: Researchers with the Israel Antiquities Authority believe they have found the remains of the stronghold –the Acra–which the Greeks used to control the Temple more than 2,000 years ago The archaeologists think that sections of a fortification recently discovered in the Givati parking lot excavations at the City of David, in the Jerusalem Walls National Park, were part of the defenses constructed atop the City of David hill during the reign of Antiochus Epiphanes (215-164 BCE). In addition, sling stones, arrowheads and ballistae stones that are evidence of the Hasmonean attempts to conquer the stronghold were also revealed. פתרון לאחת החידות הארכיאולוגיות הגדולות בהסטוריה של ירושלים: חוקרי רשות העתיקות מעריכים: מצאנו את שרידי החקרא -  המצודה שבאמצעותה שלטו היוונים על בית המקדש לפני יותר מ-2000 שנה להערכת הארכיאולוגים, קטעי ביצור שהתגלו לאחרונה בחפירות חניון גבעתי שבעיר דוד, בגן לאומי סובב חומות ירושלים, שימשו חלק ממערך הביצור שהוקם בראש גבעת עיר דוד בימיו של אנטיוכוס אפיפנס  כן נחשפו אבני קלע, ראשי חיצים ואבני בליסטראות - עדויות לנסיונות החשמונאים לכבוש את המבצר

Assaf Peretz/Israel Antiquities Authority/Israel Sun
Remains of the citadel and tower: Solving One of Jerusalem’s Greatest Archaeological Questions?:

Archaeological researchers in Israel believe they have uncovered the remains of an ancient Greek stronghold, widely dubbed as being one of Jerusalem’s ‘greatest archaeological mysteries.’

Researchers with the Israel Antiquities Authority may have found a fortification, which was once part of the defenses constructed on top of the City of David hill in Jerusalem’s Old City, during the reign of Antiochus Epiphanes 2,000 years ago (215-164 BCE).

The experts claim the discovery may have solved one of Jerusalem’s greatest archaeological mysteries: The location of ‘the Acra’ – a stronghold built to control Jerusalem and monitor activity in the Temple.

But for 100 years speculation about its exact location has not led to its founding. 

The discovery was made in the Givati ​​parking lot excavations – which has been ongoing for a decade, in the City of David, Jerusalem Walls National Park.

Archaeologists, Dr. Doron Ben-Ami, Yana Tchekhanovets and Salome Cohen, excavation directors on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority said:“This sensational discovery allows us for the first time to reconstruct the layout of the settlement in the city..”

In addition, sling stones, arrowheads and ballistae stones were found, all of which are said to be evidence of the Hasmonean attempts to conquer the stronghold.

Clara Amit/Israel Antiquities Authority/Israel Sun September 2015: Lead sling stones and Bronze arrowheads stamped with the symbol of the reign of Antiochus Epiphanes

Clara Amit/Israel Antiquities Authority/Israel Sun
September 2015: Lead sling stones and Bronze arrowheads stamped with the symbol of the reign of Antiochus Epiphanes

Clara Amit/Israel Antiquities Authority/Israel Sun September 2015 In the photo: Lead sling stones and Bronze arrowheads stamped with the symbol of the reign of Antiochus Epiphanes -evidence of the attempts to conquer the citadel Solving One of Jerusalem’s Greatest Archaeological Questions: Researchers with the Israel Antiquities Authority believe they have found the remains of the stronghold –the Acra–which the Greeks used to control the Temple more than 2,000 years ago The archaeologists think that sections of a fortification recently discovered in the Givati parking lot excavations at the City of David, in the Jerusalem Walls National Park, were part of the defenses constructed atop the City of David hill during the reign of Antiochus Epiphanes (215-164 BCE). In addition, sling stones, arrowheads and ballistae stones that are evidence of the Hasmonean attempts to conquer the stronghold were also revealed. פתרון לאחת החידות הארכיאולוגיות הגדולות בהסטוריה של ירושלים: חוקרי רשות העתיקות מעריכים: מצאנו את שרידי החקרא -  המצודה שבאמצעותה שלטו היוונים על בית המקדש לפני יותר מ-2000 שנה להערכת הארכיאולוגים, קטעי ביצור שהתגלו לאחרונה בחפירות חניון גבעתי שבעיר דוד, בגן לאומי סובב חומות ירושלים, שימשו חלק ממערך הביצור שהוקם בראש גבעת עיר דוד בימיו של אנטיוכוס אפיפנס  כן נחשפו אבני קלע, ראשי חיצים ואבני בליסטראות - עדויות לנסיונות החשמונאים לכבוש את המבצר

Clara Amit/Israel Antiquities Authority/Israel SunLead sling stones and Bronze arrowheads stamped with the symbol of the reign of Antiochus Epiphanes -evidence of the attempts to conquer the citadel Solving One of Jerusalem’s Greatest Archaeological Questions